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Galiwin'ku Gapuwiyak Minjilang Milingimbi Ramingining

Ramingining Community

RamanginingRamingining is a mainland community located to the west of the Glyde River about 30 km south east of Milingimbi island. Nhulunbuy is 206 air km away and Maningrida is 85 km by road to the east. The main Nhulunbuy-Katherine road is 100 km to the south. Both roads linking Ramingining are considered for dry season four-wheel drive use only.

Ramingining is a traditional Aboriginal community with restricted access.  Permission to visit is required by law and can be made through the Northern Land Council directly or via the Ramingining Council. Total alcohol restrictions apply.
All freight for the ALPA store is barged to the community on a weekly service. The barge landing is located on the north coast 30 km from the community.


Main Store contact details

PMB 176, Winnellie NT 0822
Ph: 08 8979 7921
Fax: 08 8979 7913


ALPA Express Store contact details

(Housed at Dinybulu Services)
Ph: 08 8979 7844


East Arnhem Shire -Local Government for area
Ramingining School  - Local School
Bulabula Arts - Local Arts Centre
Dinybulu Lodge -accommodation booking
12 canoes -Interactive multimedia site about Ramingining


The population is approximately 750 including seven homeland centres. The main tribal and clan groups are Dhuwa: Djambarrpuyngu, Djinang, Liyagalawumirr, Liyagawumirr, Manarrngu and Wakilak. Yirritja tribes are Gupapuyngu, Ganalbinygu, Mildjingi and Rittarngu.


Contact History

In the 1880s the MacCartney family started Florida cattle station on the Goyder River. There were constant clashes with Aborigines and the station was abandoned in 1893.

In 1903 the Eastern, African and Cold Store Company acquired a 50,000 sq km lease covering all ‘vegetable, animal and mineral’ rights to Arnhemland.  With Captain Joe Bradshaw using his steamer, White Star, and five thousand head of cattle being driven overland from stations on the Roper River, the Arafura cattle station was established on land around the Glyde and Goyder Rivers. Chinese cultivated cotton, maize and vegetables on the floodplains and on Maroonga Island. Within five years the venture failed; the cattle roamed and were speared, and the Europeans left, but not before organised reprisals of shooting and poisonings.  

Chronic water shortages at Milingimbi especially in 1962 lead to the conversion of Ngangalala from an outstation to a community. (Ngangalala was the original landing site on the Glyde River for the Arafura cattle venture.  On aviation maps it is still marked as White Star landing.)  It took nine years for the mission to be granted a lease on the area despite desperate water shortages on Milingimbi.

By late 1971, 200 people had moved to Ramingining. By then Murwangi Pastoral Association had been registered as an Aboriginal organisation but had yet to gain funding. Murwangi, located south of Ramingining on the lower reaches of the Goyder, has had a difficult history but still operates as a cattle station.

Ramingining is now the major community and Ngangalala is now a sizable homeland community, 8 km to the north east of Ramingining.